Open Access Article SciPap-898
Long-Term Care in Selected OECD Countries in the Context of Demographic Changes
by Renata Halásková 1,* iD icon and Martina Halásková 2 iD icon

1 Pedagogická fakulta, Katedra technické a pracovní výchovy, Ostravská univerzita v Ostravě, Fr. Šrámka 3, Ostrava 709 00, Czechia

2 Department of Public Economics, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, Faculty of Economics, Sokolská 33, Ostrava 702 00, Czechia

* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Abstract: With respect to demographic changes and population ageing, all OECD countries will be tackling issues of long-term care (LTC) associated with the need for professional services, collaboration between the formal and informal long-term care systems, and the adjustment of the mix of public and private resources playing part in long-term care financing. The paper aims to evaluate the potential of long-term care in selected OECD countries in connection with population ageing. The majority of the selected countries have seen a rise in the number of long-term care recipients along with total expenditures on long-term care. Nevertheless, these countries differ fundamentally in total expenditures allocated on long-term care per recipient. Results of evaluation using selected indicators of long-term care, by use of two-step cluster analysis, in years 2008 and 2013 also showed a variety of approaches in the provision of long-term care among the analysed countries (mainly in terms of LTC recipients aged 65+ as percentage of total LTC recipients) and in financing of long-term care (mainly in terms of LTC expenditures on institutions as percentage of total LTC expenditures).

Keywords: Long-Term Care, Long-Term Care Expenditure, Recipients Of Care, Demographic Changes, Population Ageing, OECD Countries

JEL classification:   H41 - Public Goods,   H51 - Government Expenditures and Health,   H75 - State and Local Government: Health • Education • Welfare • Public Pensions,   J11 - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts

SciPap 2017, 25(3), 898

Received: 30 December 2016 / Accepted: 23 October 2017 / Published: 5 December 2017